Role of Santri as Indonesian Economic Pillar
Original Language: Bahasa Indonesia
Writer By Muhammad Syamsudin
President Director of the Center of Banking Crisis (CBC), Ahmad Deni Daruri, once said that in the midst of the current crisis, Indonesia is one of the countries that are most resistant to economic turbulence. In a situation of global market crisis, Indonesia is still in the category of having economic stability, even though the impact is also felt. If in 2015, the rupiah was recorded at 13,000 rupiah per USD and then in 2018, Indonesia was still at the exchange rate of 14,800 or 14,900 per USD. This indicates that the country’s economic stability is still strong.
It is a risk, Indonesia as a country that is actively engaged and cooperating with other countries including China and Turkey and several other countries in the world, every time there is turbulence in friendly countries, then that turbulence will definitely have an impact on its friendly countries as well. Whoever the president is, and no matter how good the president is, the impact of this turbulence will still occur. A risk of bilateral and multilateral relations between countries in the world.
Deni Daruri further questioned that there was a relationship between Indonesia’s economic stability and the accommodative attitude of the government’s fiscal policy with the policy of the holders of the Financial Services Authority (OJK), Bank Indonesia (BI) and the Deposit Insurance Agency (LPS). These four components work hand in hand to become institutional teachers who are crucial to the country’s economy. If this fiscal policy was not accommodative, Indonesia would undoubtedly plunge in the number of 47 thousand per US Dollar, especially if balanced with neighboring countries.
If Deni Daruri – President of CBC – talks about the soko teacher of Indonesia’s economic and fiscal system, Sri Mulyani – as the Minister of Finance – as reported by Okezone, on another occasion said that Indonesia’s economic stability was inseparable from the strong 4 pillars of Indonesian social economy. The four-four are intertwined with one another and begin to be structured through the policies of the Mental Revolution. In fact, he said that if the four pillars of Indonesia’s economic foundation were always nurtured, then it was not impossible in 2045, quantitatively Indonesia would be ready to become a country with a new developed economy in the world – leaving its status as a developing country.
Sri Mulyani outlined that the four economic pillars, among others, are: first the quality of Indonesia’s human resources (HR) has been categorized as good. The high quality of education has led Indonesia to prove that it is capable of influencing the welfare and health of the people. Education has proven to be able to form entrepreneurial souls ( entrepreneurship ) that are independent and work by mentally promoting professionalism. Although, basically there are still those who are engaged in participatory politics and split bamboo, this indication of professionalism is more strengthened as independence is built with indications of the increasing role of the MSME (Small and Medium Enterprises) sector.
The existence of MSMEs has become a new arena for the formation of real sectors of society that are able to absorb labor. The community no longer has an orientation that education is intended to apply as a workforce in a company or government or private institution. Education output has proven to have dared to create new business fields.
Still according to the woman as the Minister of Finance during the administration of President Jokowi, the second pillar of the Indonesian economy lies in the quality of the country’s infrastructure which is classified as good. The government from the regime to the regime has simultaneously succeeded in bridging the economic gap between villages and cities. Even though this significant number continues to be encouraged and encouraged by the government in collaboration with the real sectors of society.
The third pillar is institutional quality. Both the government and the private sector, working together and working together have succeeded in building an institutional system based on professionalism. The existence of officials who commit corruption is not proof of the collapse of the system. South Korea, which has become a developed country, has recently been imprisoned. Thus, the purpose of the institutional pillar as the economic foundation of this country is to be interpreted in the aspect of promoting the professionalism and integrity of the apparatus in serving the community. Apparently, this attitude of professionalism and integrity has begun to take shape in every soul of the state and private civil apparatus.
Slowly, the attitude and mentality of the people always be served by the state with various facilities and subsidies and the desire for freedom has begun to be abandoned. With the revocation of a number of subsidies, the state can more efficiently do the budget so that it can remain concentrated on the sectors that are vulnerable, namely the weakest and most emergency sector in the community and absolutely must be facilitated. The construction of border regions and outer islands, as well as the development of the eastern and outer parts of Indonesia, is aimed at bridging the gap in the community. With good infrastructure, it can reduce the pace of economic needs so that prices are cheaper and accessible to the public.
The fourth pillar is community support for the country. Participatory politics – namely: politics that emphasizes community involvement in determining choices and direction of government policy – brings the impact of public confidence and support, and feels happy to have a contribution to the country.
The recent rejection of a number of figures in a number of regions and accepting other figures who are seen as accommodating and socially well behaved may be part of the manifestation of participatory politics. The effect is that there will be a demarcation line between the pro-government side and the government counter. For those who are not ready for this participatory scheme, they will be trapped and complacent in partisan politics and interests politics. Participatory politics will always be based on cultural diversity and community background.
In the implementation of participatory politics, the government only plays a role in keeping the two groups running on a reasonable track and does not cause prolonged social conflict.
Santri as an Element of the State Economic Pillar
Santri are often known as the sarungan people who every day struggle with devotion to religion and reveal the image of social piety in society. Santri is a community group that is armed with obedience to the kiai, he always tries to be present to guide the community and become the voice of the community. Santri are parties who always do amar ma’ruf and nahi ‘an al-munkar . The guideline that is owned by the santri is that to Allah SWT, obedient to the Messenger of Allah SAW and that to ulil amri , namely the government armed with his religious knowledge while still paying attention to the guideline foundation agreed upon by the scholars.
As the mouthpiece of the community, santri must be able to become a connecting link between the government and society. For this reason, a broad attitude and knowledge and understanding of religious, state, national and social values are needed. Without this awareness of attitudes, knowledge and understanding, santri will actually be the source of the widening information gap between the state and citizens. It can be a boomerang for the government, or even vice versa, it becomes a blunder for the people they represent. A santri must remain in the middle position ( tawassuth ). This country exists and is built with the relation between umara nationalism ‘and the religious attitudes of the santri. For this reason, the stability of the life of the nation and state must always be his concern.
Government stability can have a consequence on the government’s focus in carrying out the mandate of the 1945 constitution and Pancasila. Government stability can also trigger economic growth in various regions. Religious practice and social tolerance attitudes exist only in countries that are peaceful and not subject to conflict. This is the hardest task of students as volunteers from the government and society. Allah knows best al-shawab .
The author is an Activist in Applied Fiqh Studies
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